Appraisal of Special-Use Deed Restricted Properties

Discussion in 'Commercial/Industrial Appraisals' started by HornedFrog08, Oct 10, 2011.

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  1. HornedFrog08

    HornedFrog08 New Member

    0
    Apr 19, 2011
    Professional Status:
    Appraiser Trainee
    State:
    Texas
    I am a property tax consultant. We have a property that is deed restricted as a golf course. According to the tax code the land itself is to be appraised based on the deed restricted value. There are no other special-use golf course properties in this county to compare it to. We have a good idea of what market value is. Any ideas on the best way to determine what its deed restricted value or a formula to do so?

    I thought the best method would be to find other properties with the special-use deed restrictions. Then compare that property's land value per acre to the market price per acre in that area and come up to a percentage to apply to our subject property. Any ideas or suggestions?
     
  2. George Hatch

    George Hatch Elite Member

    17
    Jan 15, 2002
    Professional Status:
    Certified General Appraiser
    State:
    California
    The deed restriction element relates to the "legally permissible" criterion in the highest and best use analysis. It's similar in nature to a zoning designation or general plan designation or recorded subdivision or condo map that limit the types of potential uses.

    It is the end result of that "use" analysis that counts, not the deed restriction itself. If you have other parcels with a similar highest/best use, regardless of the specific elements leading to that conclusion, those would be your best comparables.
     
  3. Walter Kirk

    Walter Kirk Senior Member

    3
    Jun 24, 2003
    Professional Status:
    Licensed Appraiser
    State:
    New Jersey
    If you can't find similar deed restricted properties (and I imagine that they are very rare) you should look at sales of similar golf courses which remained golf courses.
     
  4. HornedFrog08

    HornedFrog08 New Member

    0
    Apr 19, 2011
    Professional Status:
    Appraiser Trainee
    State:
    Texas
    we have considered that approach. However, the texas property tax code states that the property will be valued based on the restriction that it must remain a golf course for the next 10 years. We considered sales of other golf courses and we do have one. Although none of them have the deed restriction requiring them to remain a golf course for the next ten years like our property does. How would you discount that value to account for losing that bundle of rights for the next ten years?
     
  5. Michigan CG

    Michigan CG Moderator Staff Member Moderator

    18
    Nov 1, 2006
    Professional Status:
    Certified General Appraiser
    State:
    Michigan
    How do you know there is a discount? What is the Highest and Best Use of the property? Do you foresee it changing?
     
  6. PropertyEconomics

    PropertyEconomics Elite Member

    0
    Jun 19, 2007
    Professional Status:
    Certified General Appraiser
    State:
    New Mexico
    My question is what bundle has been lost? What is the highest and best use of the land today? What happens at the end of the ten year period? What are the chances for continuation of use of the property as a golf course and what are the chances of a change of use to something alternative?

    More questions than answers at this point because there are questions that require answer before an answer to the original question can be offered.
     
  7. HornedFrog08

    HornedFrog08 New Member

    0
    Apr 19, 2011
    Professional Status:
    Appraiser Trainee
    State:
    Texas
    This is a member owned course in operation since 1934. However not a wealthy club by any means, its a real "country" club. They were roughly $25,000 in the red last year. Though due to the significant improvements to convert it from cow pasture to golf course I would think though that the highest and best use would be for it to continue operating as a golf course. This is not a rapidly developing part of the state so there is not a great deal of demand for land>

    However, what if enough of the members can not afford higher monthly dues and/or they can not bring in more outside business (which must have been a problem)? They can not operate in the red forever. Now due to deed restriction they can not sell to just anyone.
     
  8. HornedFrog08

    HornedFrog08 New Member

    0
    Apr 19, 2011
    Professional Status:
    Appraiser Trainee
    State:
    Texas
    tax code says that to be appraised as a special use property it must be deed restricted to that use for a period of at least ten years
     
  9. Michael S

    Michael S Senior Member

    1
    Mar 18, 2009
    Professional Status:
    Certified General Appraiser
    State:
    New Mexico
    If the HBU of the property is a golf course, and if that isn't likely to change in 10 years, there is probably no discount.

    I've heard of some golf courses where the HBU is to shut down the golf course and sell off the water rights. I'm guessing this golf course is part of a residential development? That seems like the most likely reason for the deed restriction, the developer wanted to make sure there would still be a golf course while they were selling houses.
     
  10. PropertyEconomics

    PropertyEconomics Elite Member

    0
    Jun 19, 2007
    Professional Status:
    Certified General Appraiser
    State:
    New Mexico
    Hard to imagine in this economic climate there is a great deal of demand for large scale water rights ...
    Also WHO is in control of the golf course at the end of 10 years????
     
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