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Manufactured Vs. Modular Homes

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Jim Robinson

Thread Starter
Freshman Member
Joined
Apr 23, 2002
Besides FNMA Section 304, is there any good definition to differentiate between a manufactured and a modular home?
 

Mountain Man

Elite Member
Joined
Jan 15, 2002
Professional Status
Certified General Appraiser
State
Georgia
Do a search for any post written by Jo Ann Meyer Stratton. She is the absolute best in that topic.
 

Restrain

Elite Member
Joined
Jan 22, 2002
Professional Status
Certified General Appraiser
State
Florida
Quickly, a manufactured home is your typical manufactured home with the HUD tags on a metal frame that you see on the lots. A modular home is generally constructed off-site and assembled on site. It may not have a HUD tag but has to conform with state and federal regs. Bottom line, if it had a tongue and wheels on a metal chassis (still attached), its a manufactured home.
 

Jo Ann Meyer Stratton

Elite Member
Joined
Jan 16, 2002
Professional Status
Certified Residential Appraiser
State
Arizona
See my article posted at http://www.naifa.com
Search for January 2002 Appraisal E Gram
Search for October 2001 Appraisal E Gram
Scroll down to "what is that and now what do I do"

At the end are all sorts of links to Fannie Mae, HUD, VA, etc. Also check out the new Fannie Mae Guidelines that was issued last week.

A manufactured home is constructed to HUD building code and hopefully will have the tags attached to the exterior and a data plate inside somewhere. Occasionally all those get removed. So then you have to do research with owner for any documents the might have or with the local building department or assessment office to see if they have anything. Once you run down some information and still don't have the HUD label number (which every one wants to know about to verify it is a manufactured home), the serial number from ownership or assessment records can be cross referenced with the manufacturer or with HUD in WA. For FHA financing that is the lender's responsibility, (should be for conventional too) once they can verify that the home was constructed to HUD code it is still eligible for FHA financing.

A modular home is constructed completely or almost completely in a factory to a site built code like UBC, BOAC, CABO, etc. Then the sections are assemblec on site. Depending on the laws of the subject's location, it may or may not have a readily observable identification tag or label of any kind.

A panelized home or kit home or pre cut home would have all the materials to construct the home pre-cut, itemized etc with some assemblage in the factory and the majority if not all assemblage on the site. Those are not modular homes.

Both the modular and the "kit" style homes are considered comparable to site built by FHA, VA, Fannie Mae and would only require the verification to a site built code that you would typically use for a true stick by stick, cut, glued, pasted, nailed, home assembled on site.

Also the State Appraisal Boards for Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Texas have some excellent articles.

The Manufactured Housing Institute (link is at the end of my article) has lot of very usefull information. Wander around that web site.

But many, many, many times you CANNOT identify what type of building code was followed at original construction as manufactured homes, modular homes, kit type homes, site built homes all look alike some times and are constructed of the same materials with the same amenities, finish, etc. So research is essential!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
 

Jo Ann Meyer Stratton

Elite Member
Joined
Jan 16, 2002
Professional Status
Certified Residential Appraiser
State
Arizona
Oh yes, tongue, wheels, axles still attached or detached are not a definitive identification! It all depends on whether the home (regardless of original building code) was towed to the site or hauled to the site. If towed to the site, all financing programs require them to be removed.
 

Tim Hicks (Texas)

Elite Member
Joined
Jan 15, 2002
Professional Status
Certified Residential Appraiser
State
Texas
Jo Anne,

I hope you have this response saved somewhere and you just cut and paste it every time we get this question. I don't even bother to respond, because I know you will be more concise and detailed. Plus, I get cynical to the point of saying "if you don't know, then by USPAP, are you competent enough to do this appraisal?" You are so much nicer and a lot better at 'splaining things. You get my nomination for appraiser's forum guru.
 

Farm Gal

Elite Member
Joined
Jan 14, 2002
Professional Status
Licensed Appraiser
State
Nebraska
Tim
Nope. JoAnn with no E gets the "Mobile Queen" award. (it's an honor, really!)

Actually I have several of her posts in my files as she tends to write a lot of it off the cuff, and has one or more changing phrases, angles and addl tidbits...

Definitive and AWESOME! Jo Ann Thanks from another fan.
 

Ben Vukicevich SRA

Senior Member
Joined
Feb 9, 2002
Professional Status
Certified General Appraiser
State
New Jersey
Jim,

Everyone has given you good advice on manufactured and modular homes.

I don't do manufactured homes, I leave those trailer thingees all to JoAnn :lol: :lol: but I will give you some clues on how to identify/determine a modular.

First, as you cruise through the home notice the following items: the thickness of the center partitions between rooms. Modulars are typically much thicker in the center as they are bolted together. Stick framed homes are typically 4"-5". Next, go into the basement or crawl space and look at the main girder. On a modular, the floor joists are usually set into joist hangers. They will be at an equal level with the main girder-AKA-the wood that is sitting on the lally columns or masonry piers. On stick built homes, the floor joists will be above/sitting on top of the main girder.

Good luck.

Ben
 

Jo Ann Meyer Stratton

Elite Member
Joined
Jan 16, 2002
Professional Status
Certified Residential Appraiser
State
Arizona
Thank you everyone for all your kind comments. I do hope I don't offer confusing and or conflicting information since I do write off the cuff. So if something is the opposite or different than what I said before--let me know! When I speak out loud I form sentences backwards and use the opposite word (as well as mispronounce most of them) from the one I intended, so I try very hard not to let that happen when I am writing. So if I ever met one of you face to fact on a bright sunshiny morning, my out loud greeting is likely to be "Isn't it dark tonight-Good Evening". And never, never use the words mobile unless it was built prior to June 15, 1976 or trailer, or I have a heart attack. I do appreciate your comments though!!!
 
B

Bemis Pownall

Guest
I did one recently call it manufactured home numerous times throughout the report. List Tag #s in report, manufactured home addendum, etc etc. Covered all my basis.

Dont you know I get a call for better comps(home is totaly surrounded by stick builts, ONLY comps 5-10 miles)
And they wanted me to change the box to NO and call it a Modular Home..

It got to the site on wheels, I say what do you call that?

"Sorry cant change your box. YES it is a manufactured Home and NO I wont change it. I didnt buy the house or develope the guidlines. Jus doin my job mam."

Thank you very much.
 
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